— Last month of second trimester!
Congratulations! You have gone halfway through your pregnancy, but there is still a lot to go through. When you are 6 months pregnant, you will probably not notice any major physical changes, but the baby’s development continues to prepare for the life outside the womb.
For most of the women, second trimester is the golden period of their pregnancy because the severity of pregnancy symptoms will almost subside during this period. Most of the distressing first trimester symptoms, such as fatigue and morning sickness have almost gone by now.
You may feel increased energy levels during this period and you are more excited about the arrival of your little one.
What happens with you when you are 6 months pregnant?
Fetal movements: Baby move during your pregnancy can also be called as quickening. Generally, fetal movements start around the 4th or 5th month of pregnancy. Baby movements become more active when you sleep or relax.
Bladder infection: The pressure of the growing uterus and a heightened metabolic rate can cause increased frequency of urination. For some pregnant women, the increased uterus size stresses the pelvic floor muscles thus causing incontinence. Progesterone hormone that is released during pregnancy can relax the smooth muscles and thus increasing the possibility of developing bladder infection, kidney infection and urinary tract infection.
Blotchy skin: During pregnancy, the skin on the face, abdomen and breasts may become dark or blotchy. This condition is mainly due to the higher levels of pregnancy hormones, while some others think that it may be due to nutritional deficiency.
Breast leakage: During pregnancy, your mammary glands mature and begin to produce colostrum. Breast leakage is not with every pregnant woman, even you don’t observe any leakage from your breasts, it is completely normal. Both the cases have no impact on the ability to breastfeed.
Contractions: When you are 6 months pregnant, you may begin to experience contractions and they will continue till the end your pregnancy. Pregnancy contractions are usually called as Braxton Hicks contractions. These are mild contractions that usually last for few seconds.
Bleeding gums: During pregnancy, your blood volume will increase by two times than the usual. This can lead to swelling in the tissues that have very small blood vessels, such as gums and nasal passages. Vigorous brushing may sometimes lead to bleeding bums.
What happens with your baby when you are 6 months pregnant?
Do you feel a rhythmic lurch inside the abdomen? Usually the little baby has hiccups, which is a natural incident considered to be brought on by breathing or drinking amniotic fluid. Eventually, they will disappear on their own.
Well defined facial features: During this month, your baby will have well defined facial features. Baby’s eyebrows, eyelids, hair and eyelashes are well developed. Retina in the eyes is also well developed. The baby starts blinking the eyes and now he or she is able to differentiate light from darkness. You can make a trial to observe the baby movements by putting a light source on your abdomen.
Baby’s skin development: Still the baby’s skin is transparent, thin and wrinkled but with accumulation of fat it will become thick and smooth. During 6 months pregnancy, the fat deposits are only 1 percent of the entire body fat.
Spinal cord development: Baby’s spinal cord development continues this month also. The joints and ligaments of the spinal cord begin to form. All these will form the backbone to support the baby’s weight.
Production of surfactant: When you are 6 months pregnant, your baby begins the production of surfactant that is essential for breathing. It is a thin membrane produced to cover the inner surface of lung cavities. In case of preterm delivery, the baby will have insufficient surfactant and makes the breathing difficult; this can even lead to premature death of the baby.
What are the physical changes that occur in a 6 months pregnant woman?
When you are 6 months pregnant, you may start to gain more weight than the previous months. As your body is preparing new life to live outside the womb, you need to eat for two. So, you will obviously gain more weight during this month than ever before.
This is the time to buy maternity clothes, because you are no more fit well in your old clothes. As the baby become stronger during this month, you may feel much stronger kicks.
Also, it is normal to feel anxious about your little one. So, you will need to find ways that can help reduce your anxiety.
What care should be taken by a 6 months pregnant woman?
Drink plenty of fluids: Enough fluid consumption is very essential during pregnancy no matter in which month you are. It also helps with clear urine discharge. Fluid consumption can be in any form like juices, milk, caffeinated drinks and sodas because all of them contain enough water. But you should be careful while taking caffeinated drinks as they are diuretics. Sufficient fluid level in your body helps to prevent various problems, such as pregnancy constipation, bladder infection and hemorrhoids.
Avoid smoking and drinking: Smoking is very dangerous to your baby whether it is passive or active smoking. Smoking reduces the supply of oxygen and nutrients to your baby that will lead to low birth weight. Babies with low birth weight can have more health problems during the childhood and the rest of the life.
Good care about body hygiene: Pregnancy is the very important period to take care about your body hygiene. Perspiration, excessive vaginal discharge and increased hormone levels can make your body to smell differently than the normal. So, it is important to have regular baths. Warm bath can make your body relaxing.