Infertility is the inability of a couple to become pregnant after 12 months of unprotected sex. If pregnancy will not happen after twelve months, the man and woman are clinically determined as having an infertility problem. In women, the symptoms associated with infertility are more easily identified when compare to men. The basic signs and symptoms of infertility in women include:
1. Irregular periods:
Many women experience irregular periods in the form of a missed period, continuous period and periods that occur twice in a single cycle. Missed periods will not mean that you are pregnant, but it can be just an indicator that ovulation did not occur and making you more difficult to get pregnant. When you are observing irregular menstrual periods and have gone a year or more with missed periods, see your health-care professional.
2. Abnormal periods:
Abnormal bleeding is heavier or lighter than usual typically signifies that you are not ovulating, which a condition is medically referred to as an ovulation.
3. Pelvic pain:
Chronic pelvic pain is caused by various problems. A number of underlying causes associated with long-term pelvic pain like pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis and fibroids may affect a woman‘s ability to get pregnant.
4. Genital infection:
Genital infections are one of the most common infertility symptoms in women that affect not only fallopian tubes but also all anatomic urogenital sites which are located in both male and female.
5. Sexual dysfunction:
Sexual dysfunction is a condition which is characterized by difficulties in sexual function. Women who have sexual dysfunction may have low sexual libido, difficulty becoming aroused or difficulty reaching sexual climax.
6. Vaginal discharge:
Vaginal discharge is generally white or clear. If the discharge becomes more extreme and there is a change in color as well as odor, consult your personal doctor immediately.
7. Excessive Weight gain:
Weight gain is accompanied by hormonal asymmetry that usually impacts the reproductive system and pregnancy. The easiest method to prevent infertility is always to maintain a healthy weight and normal amounts of fat stores through a balanced and healthy diet.
8. Painful periods:
Painful periods are also infertility symptoms in women. The pain is usually worse on the initial day and may feel like severe cramps, pelvic pain and back pain. It generally lasts for 1 to 2 days. If you have severe menstrual pain, you need to talk to your personal doctor.
9. Imbalance of luteinizing hormone:
Some women are infertile due to the imbalance of LH as this particular hormone plays a significant role in ovulation. The deficiency of this hormone may result in no ovulation and no pregnancy.
10. Recurrent miscarriages:
Recurrent miscarriages can cause fertility problems. Miscarriage is the most common type of pregnancy loss and can be devastating to couple who are trying to become pregnant. Sustaining a healthy life-style before and during pregnancy will increase your chance of getting pregnant.